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MSU Researcher discovered a new species of genus Culicoides in the world in Maha Sarakham

MSU Researcher discovered a new species of genus Culicoides in the world in Maha Sarakham

2021-08-06 244

MSU Researcher discovered a new species of genus Culicoides in the world in Maha Sarakham
 
Prof. Dr. Pairot Pramual, Researcher from Department of Biology, Faculty of Science Mahasarakham University discovered a new species of genus Culicoides in the world in Maha Sarakham.
 
The genus Culicoides is in the order Diptera, family Ceratopogonidae. More than 1,347 species have been reported in Worldwide. Culicoides gnats are small blood-sucking insects. But it is importance. Because many species are carriers of pathogens, including viruses, protozoa and roundworms. Examples of important diseases caused by pathogens carried by Culicoides genus include oropouche fever, bluetongue disease, epizootic hemorrhagic disease, African horse sickness, masonellosis, leucocytozoonosis. In Thailand, more than 100 cases of Culicoides genus have been reported. Which at least eight species have been reported as pathogens in other regions of the world: C. brevitarsis Kieffer, C. fulvus Sen and Das Gupta, C. imicola Kieffer, C. peregrinus Kieffer. , C. arakawae (Arakawa), C. guttifer Meijere, C. histrio Johannsen, and C. oxyztoma Kieffer. Examples of important impacts associated with the Culicoides genus in Thailand are the outbreak of African horse sickness (AHS) occurring in Thailand in late February 2020, which caused the deaths of more than 500 horses, the AHS outbreak in Thailand was the first outbreak of the disease in Southeast Asia. It is believed that C. imicola, which is reported abroad as a carrier of AHS.
 
From the survey of the diversity of the Culicoides genus in Thailand by supporting research budgets from Thailand Science Research and Innovation (TSRI) and Mahasarakham University year 2021, causing the discovery of a new species of genus Culicoides in the world. It was found for the first time at Ban Wai, Na Si Nuan Subdistrict, Kantharawichai District, Maha Sarakham Province and named the science after the province where it was discovered: Culicoides mahasarakhamense Pramual, Jomkumsing, Piraonapicha, Jumpato, 2021. The findings were published in the international academic journal Acta Tropica (SCIE database, Q1, Impact Factor). 3.112.
 
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